Thursday, May 21, 2020
African-Americans have experienced racism since the 1600s and throughout American history. However, not many books have been able to display the ethnic ignorance that white people have towards blacks. One of the more successful stories is A Raisin in the Sun shares a compelling story about an African-American family during the 1900s and offers many themes about social class and race. In A Raisin in the Sun, a negative legacy is left on modern drama due to the many examples of poverty and the message of money in the novel; though some people may believe that the play was an accurate depiction of the African-American lifestyle and their culture, they are wrong to believe this impractical belief because it leads to many white people assumingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In fact, poverty that the black community experiences has a direct correlation to discrimination, as Tayebeh Nowrouzi claims, Ã¢â¬Å"Big Walter s life was a constant suffering from his discriminated hostile economic and social worldÃ¢â¬ ¦ he could not escape the despair and poverty that discrimination imposed on African AmericansÃ¢â¬ (Nowrouzi et.al. 2272). In arguing this claim, Nowrouzi is explaining that economic poverty is due to racism and discrimination. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"he could not escapeÃ¢â¬ confirms how although Big Walter worked diligently his whole life, the poverty and economic failure was an impending doom. Moreover, the use of the words Ã¢â¬Å"constant sufferingÃ¢â¬ suggests that Big Walter and the black community have been dealing with poverty and economic disparity for as long as they have been alive. The life of Big Walter is very symbolic because the treatment of African-Americans has not changed from his lifetime to Walter and TravisÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime. The legacy that A Raisin in the Sun has left in modern society is very negative because the play demonstrates a profoundly racist and discriminated point of view of African-American poverty. However, not only does the play show differences in the welfare of African-Americans compared to whites, it also illustrates the theme of money and greed. TheShow MoreRelated Racism and the American Dream in HansberryÃ¢â¬â¢s A Raisin in the Sun1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA Raisin in the Sun is written by a famous African- American play write, Lorraine Hansberry, in 1959. It was a first play written by a black woman and directed by a black man, Lloyd Richards, on Broadway in New York. The story of A Raisin in the Sun is based on Lorraine HansberryÃ¢â¬â¢s own early life experiences, from which she and her whole family had to suffer, in Chicago. HansberryÃ¢â¬â¢s father, Carol Hansberry, also fought a legal battle against a racial restrictive covenant that attempted to stop African-Read MoreWhite Dominance During The Post Segregation Era945 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhite Dominance in the Post-Segregation Era Lorraine HansberryÃ¢â¬â¢s play, A Raisin in the Sun, addresses the hardships of an African-American family living in the projects of post-segregation Chicago. The family aspires to fulfill their dreams of owning a home despite the odds they face. W.E.B Du Bois critical race theory explains the issue of racism and white dominance that not only the family in the play faces, but the African-American community as a whole. American society only allows for African-AmericansRead MoreTo Kill a Mockingbird vs a Raisin in the Sun1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesskin color. A Raisin in the Sun is a play about how the value of a family can overcome racism in a new town and allow a family to prosper, even in the worst conditions. However, both of these works deal with racism and discrimination in similar ways. Conversely, Harper Lee, being a white author, cannot portray believable accounts of racism and black oppression as well as Lorraine Hansberry, who has personal experience and realism to make her work authentic. The emphasis of racism in each work variesRead MoreWhat Does You Dream Deferred? Lorraine Hansberry s Play, A Raisin And The Sun ``942 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat Happens to Dreams Deferred? Lorraine HansberryÃ¢â¬â¢s play, A Raisin in the Sun, addresses the hardships of an African-American family living in the projects of post-segregation Chicago. The family aspires to fulfill their dreams of owning a home despite the odds they face. W.E.B Du Bois critical race theory explains the issue of racism and white dominance that not only the family in the play faces, but the African American community as a whole. American society only allows for African AmericansRead MoreEssay on Compare Contrast a Raisin in the Sun1026 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFrontina Taylor English Comp II Jaime Barrett Compare and Contrast A Raisin In The Sun Essay In the play, A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, and 1961 movie written by Lorraine Hansberry and presented by Columbia pictures, one of the most important themes is the American Dream. Many of the characters have hopes and dreams. They all strive towards their goals throughout. However, many of the characters have different dreams that clash with each other. Problems seem toRead MoreAn African American Family Struggles with Racism in A Raisin in the Sun by by Lorraine Hansberry 933 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages A Raisin in the Sun was written by Lorraine Hansberry and is a play about an African American family who are struggling in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s to keep the family together. Although the play is portrayed in the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s many issues like the economy, racism, and family dynamics the characters had to face; these issues are still issues in the 21st century. Ã¢â¬Å"So money is life... things have changedÃ¢â¬ - Mama Pg. 75. In the quote Mama is surprised that money has the power to make or break the world; and more importantlyRead MoreAnalysis Of `` Lorraine Hansberry `` And Langston Hughes Essay1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageseducation should teach others how to think. Moreover, Lorraine Hansberry s story, Raisin in the Sun, is about a poor African-American family that try to move into a different neighborhood and break free from poverty. Also, Langston Hughes poem, Theme for English B, is about a black student who explains to his professor what is true for black or white people and that everyone is the same. Beneatha from Raisin in the Sun and the black student from Theme for English B would agree with David Wallace sRead MoreA Raisin In The Sun Is Play Written About A Family In The1592 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Raisin in the Sun is play written about a family in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, and the focus of the play is how racism affects that famil y. The family in the play tries to buy a house in a white neighborhood, and they have to deal with discriminatory housing practices and the threat of racial violence. A Raisin in the Sun is relevant today because a lot of the insights it makes about racism are still debated over today. One of the issues it tackles is racial violence. In the play, the family deals with the threatRead MoreTimeless Themes A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOne of the most notable plays on the topic of racial minorities and family issues, A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry, has continued to be popular since it was written in 1959. The play is about an African American family, consisting of five members, who live in Southside Chicago during the post-World-War-Two era. The Younger family is crowded in a tiny, worn, and shabby apartment and they are fairly poor. They never have much surplus money until WalterÃ¢â¬â¢s father, and MamaÃ¢â¬â¢s husband, died andRead MoreRacial Injustice in A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry and SonnyÃ¢â¬â¢s Blues, by James Baldwin1494 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestreated equally like a full human being. The theme of racial injustice is prevalent in both Ã¢â¬Å"A Raisin in the SunÃ¢â¬ by Lorraine Hansberry and Ã¢â¬Å"SonnyÃ¢â¬â¢s BluesÃ¢â¬ by James Baldwin stories. Both of the stories shows contrasting view on African American people living in fear of racial terrorism, physical harm, housing inequality, and dangerous life in segregated black neighborhood. However, they share similar views on racism in the form of economic oppression, and the experience of racial injustice in both of the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Sharing Is Not Always Caring As a teenager, receiving oneÃ¢â¬â¢s very first cell phone is the first step in establishing Ã¢â¬Å"popularity.Ã¢â¬ Tweeting, texting, Instagram-ing and publishing lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"failsÃ¢â¬ and funnies are the teen social norm and staple to the lines of communication between other teens. Creativity is put to the test when language is turned into code (wyd, rotflmbo, ie.) and electronic communication between people sitting across the table from each other becomes a matter of national security. A peaceful co-existence between adults and teens continues as long as Ã¢â¬Å"actualÃ¢â¬ communication between both parties is kept to a minimum. But somewhere along the way, the secret behind the codes was made public, and parents everywhere were now able to decipher and share the coded information that was not [originally] meant for the rest of the worldÃ¢â¬âcommunicational anarchy ensued. In the same manner, personal information not meant for the whole world can cause problem s in the lives of those whose information is shared. The right to collect and share information should be limited to specific government programs or for specific purposes such as, Family Watchdog and the United States Department of Justice National Sex Offender Public Website (NSOPW), but not shared beyond that. In order to better understand the differences between American privacy and American security, we must first take a look at these three factors: whose information is being obtained or accessed, what and how is theShow MoreRelatedJean Watson Theory Of Human Caring1537 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHuman Caring is very significant in the nursing practice. One must always be reminded of this theory so nurses may be grounded and rekindle the mission why they are nurses in the first place: to take care of patients. This theory is also considered as a moral or ethical foundation for the nursing profession. Taking care of a patient does not only entail science but also the art on the delive ry of care towards a patient. According to Watson (2005) The major conceptual elements of the caring theoryRead MoreHow Can Love Be Long Lasting?884 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthem. When marrying into a relationship sharing is caring. The relationship is built on shared interests and values. Each spouse could bring love or hate into the marriage. How they handle each others emotions is entirely up to them. Sharing something like a house or an account takes a lot of trust. It takes months, even years to build this much connection to a person. Losing all the trust that built up only takes one lie or slip up. Couples dont always help each other not like Bonnie Yackel Ã¢â¬ MyRead MoreSharing Is Caring Or Is It? Kim Dotcom1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCaring, Not Sharing Sharing is caringÃ¢â¬ ¦ or is it? Kim Dotcom possesses qualities such as confidence, a trademark and the power to publicize his cynical actions, in which all further prove him to be a villain. Kim Dotcom from Germany, formerly know as Kim Schmitz, is a self-proclaimed genius who contributed largely to the era of hacking and illegal music downloads with his website called MegaUpload. Dotcom believes he was simply Ã¢â¬Å"[Making] it easier for people to exchange and store digital files thatRead MoreCulturally Responsive Teaching Is Improving The School Success Of Ethnically Diverse Students912 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescontext of culture, and making sure that communication is of high expectations. This literature considers culturally responsive teaching by discussing the following: 1. Understanding a cultural diversity knowledge base. 2. Building a learning and caring community in the classroom. 3. How to educate students on their ethnic background and where they come from. 4. Ethnic diversity in the curriculum. According to Geneva Gay (2000), Ã¢â¬Å"Culturally responsive teaching is defined as using the culturalRead MoreThe Marital Conflicts Of Married Couples955 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespros would be being happy, caring, satisfied within your marriage. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to have your own interests and activities. There is a degree of mutual reliance on one another to meet many physical, social and psychological needs. As older adults age, they often enjoy active, healthy sexual relationships. They like to connect and become very close, intimate, and mutually dependent on each other and have shared interest. Being functionally separate is being happy caring and being satisfied withinRead MoreBenefits Of Caring And Nursing862 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesword caring comes to mind what do you think of? I can imagine there are a million thoughts running through your head. Caring is about helping people beyond what is expected, and willing to help the patient through their difficulties. It is the act of showing kindness, respect and compassion for other people. I believe that caring is the most important aspect in nursing and must be provided well in order for a patient to recover fully. Caring and Nursing There are many meanings to caring, theRead MoreThe Dangers Of Unsafe Sleep1738 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesget home, some parents are prepared for a newborn and others are not. Being in the hospital, parents have nurses to help them out and transition them into parenthood for the short time they are there, however once they leave they are on their own caring for their child. One thing that most parents are not aware is about the dangers of unsafe sleep in the home. Safe sleep is one of the most important things to educate parents on. From informing ways to help prevent any incidents happening whileRead MoreYou re Alive For A Reason933 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswant the responsibility. We don t want the difficulty. We just want to go through life, keep our heads down, maybe make a few friends, have a few good times, and grow old. I know this from my own experience. A little bit about me... There s always been a pull on my life to be helpful to other people, but I never knew what that looked like. To be honest, I never wanted to find out. I wanted to earn a good living, travel with my wife, play golf as often as possible, and live happily ever afterRead MoreNursing Concepts And Its Relation With Core Nursing Values1565 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNursing Concepts Scholarly Paper Introduction Caring has been described as the basis of nursing profession (Riley, 2012). -empathy is a primary ingredient in helping relationships? The aim of this paper will be to demonstrate a further understanding of nursing concept and its relation with core nursing values. With my clinical practice experience and gathered knowledge I will further explore one of these core values that encompasses caring in nursing. The concept that will be investigated in thisRead MoreRespecting Elders1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRespecting my elders, and everyone else, just comes natural to me, because when I was just a little girl, I was taught that I must always respect my elders, if I didnt, Id get a slap on my face by my parents. As I grew up, I came to realize the true meaning of the phrase, respect your elders, and I agree fully with my mothers teachings. I not only respected my elders, but I respected everyone around me. When I had my children, I taught them the same way my parents taught me, on how to respect
Setting up the paradigm. How do we know there is a God? If anything exists there is a God because you cannot create something from nothing. There had to be an initial force to set the universe into motion. We will write a custom essay sample on How many jelly beans are in a jar or any similar topic only for you Order Now Einstein refers to this force as Ã¢â¬Å"the cosmological constantÃ¢â¬ . This constant corrected Einstein theory of relativity to explain the movement of the universe. Originally Einstein believed that the universe was static even though his mathematical theories suggested otherwise. It was not until another mathematician Friedman, solved EinsteiniumÃ¢â¬â¢s equation of general relativity using the cosmological constant. Einstein referred to this mistake as being the Ã¢â¬Å"biggest blunderÃ¢â¬ of his life. As a human how would I recognize God even if he came and revealed himself to me. For all I know the other worldly being could be Satan. (He is described in the bible as being a beautiful angel) If I could not even recognize God in his presence what hope do I have of finding any direction In life. How do we know what is important. Ask enough people. (Belief in a meaning of life)How do we know that we are good. If being good is so important how do we define Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ . (So we know what it Is that we are trying to do) Being good. How can you remove evil without being evil yourself. The importance of evil and good existing at the same time. (Creates the great struggle) The misconception of trying to Ã¢â¬Å"faithÃ¢â¬ our way Into heaven. (Why Baptists and Big Bang Atheists are essentially the same) Why should the meaning of life be so hard to find that we have to use faith to explain It. Association between wealth and power. Wealth allows you to have power over another mans will. Any time you arches something with money you are taking something that many people want and deciding that you deserve It for yourself. Wealth allows you to take a larger share for yourself. (Jesus and the rich man) God exists In the Ã¢â¬Å"permanent state of beingÃ¢â¬ (a state of being outside of time where no change occurs), In this realm of existence evil has been abolished by God. So In order to enter this state we also must be free of the evil within ourselves. God Is a being outside of time and Is the perfect embodiment of good. For everything to be good In GodÃ¢â¬â¢s state of being that means evil has to be removed. It Is a requirement. How to cite How many jelly beans are in a jar, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Introduction Product advertisement is a critical part in the marketing strategy. Reflectively, the choice of the advertisement media, advertisement strategy, and presentation tactics are the main ingredients of a successful advertisement. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the most appropriate form of media to advertise the Michael Kors Watch. Besides, the treatise explores the checklist to be followed to deploy the advertisement. In addition, the paper explores the risks, selling tactics, and significance of internet advertising.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Michael Kors Watch specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Product identification and appropriate social media Michael Kors Watch brand has been in the market for more than two decades. The brand is associated with quality, affordability, and trendiness. The brand has become a household name in the United States of America and other par ts of the world. Michael Kors Watches come in different colors, shapes, and designs. The brand has watches for the male and female customers. Since the Michael Kors Watch has become a global brand, it is importance to design the most appropriate form of social media to advertise. Social media, especially Google has gained popularity among companies and individuals who uses this site as interaction modules to share business management culture and exchange ideas. In eMarketing industry, Google has penetrated the communication environment and currently commands a large following among the users. Reflectively, Google is an ideal tool for advertisement and community following building for the Michael Kors Watch. Through Google advertisement, the customer base for the Michael Kors Watch will expand substantially over a short period of time. Google focuses on e-marketing which involves building friendly partnership and working relationship with a market segment without necessarily having p hysical contact with it. In fact, the main source of exchanging information and advertising products is through written words and the highlighted pictures of the watches. Thus, through use of Google, Michael Kors WatchÃ¢â¬â¢s advertisement will increase the visibility of the Michael Kors Watch products across the globe. Checklist guide In order to successfully advertise the Michael Kors Watch brand through the Google, it is important to substantiate the target audience. This will facilitate proper definition of the advertisement messages and appropriateness of the messages within the scope of the target market. Besides, it is imperative to constitute a tracking strategy to constantly and periodically evaluate the performance of the advertisement. The tracking tool will be the blueprint for systematic evaluation of the primary advertisement message and the customer response rate (Wormeli, 2007).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, it is significant to draw a comprehensive communication plan since it acts as the guide to the actual process of the advertisement presentation. In addition, the advertisement team should create a forum with the customers to monitor their response within and without the social media tool. The response may be in the form of increased sales or direct response to the advertisement. Reflectively, the communication plan will determine the performance of the advertisement since it acts as the minor and major premises of advertisement implementation (Jobber, 2012). Associated risks Public relation crisis: Unlike the other forms of advertisement, a simple mistake in the presentation of the message in any social media tool may go viral and seriously compromise perception of the target customers towards the activities of the watch company. Security breach: Despite the fact that Google is very secure, the threat of hacking is as real as is the case in other social media tools. A threat of hacking into the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s activities may be wreak havoc to the activities of the company in the short and the long term. Offending the audience: Despite the sincerity and genuineness of the messages of the Michael Kors Watch Company, the social media society consists of very sensitive audience. For instance, the use of colored image or religiously ridiculing message may attract different reactions among the target customers (Jobber, 2012). If the message is interpreted as offensive, the Michael Kors Watch will lose the market among those offended. Selling tactics Partnership with the complimentary brands The Michael Kors Watch may partner with complimentary brands such as the Ebay and Amazon to increase the audience targeted by the advertisement. These complimentary brands will increase the visibility of the advertisement across the globe. As a result, more customers will be aware of the products and actually pur chase them (Belch and Belch, 2012). Rewarding the loyal customers The Michael Kors Watch may create a reward or discount scheme for the watch brand. For instance, the company may give discount of 5% for its watches and other gifts for purchasing products above certain prices. This will generally reduce the prices as perceived by the customers (Belch and Belch, 2012). Product quality verses the price Proper presentation of the Michael Kors Watch brand as genuine, high quality and most price-friendly will actually increase the sales (Belch and Belch, 2012). Internet advertising and profitability Unlike other tools of advertisement, internet advertising is very affordable and sustainable. It will cost only a third of the standard advertisement budget to advertise online. For big companies such as the Michael Kors Watch, it translates into increased profitability. Internet advertising offers a global platform for reaching the customers. The global visibility of an advertisement message translated into expansion of the target market. This means that more customers will buy the product (West, Ford, and Ibrahim, 2010). Increased sales translated into increased profits for the Michael Kors Watch brand.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Michael Kors Watch specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Belch, G., Belch, M. (2012). Advertising and promotion: An integrated marketing communications perspective (9th Ed.). Boston, Bo: Irwin. Jobber, D. (2012).Principles and practice of marketing. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Publishers. West, C., Ford, J., Ibrahim, E. (2010). Strategic marketing. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Wormeli, R. (2007). Differentiation: From planning to practice. Melba, Portland: Stenhouse Publishers. This essay on Michael Kors Watch was written and submitted by user Celia Simmons to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Healthcare Reform and the Future of Socialized Medicine in the United States Essays Healthcare Reform and the Future of Socialized Medicine in the United States Paper Healthcare Reform and the Future of Socialized Medicine in the United States Paper Nearly everyone at the end of the twentieth century agreed: something was wrong with the health care system in the United States. While some thought it delivered the best medicine in the world, one can readily challenge this claim, just pointing at the exclusion of too many people in the system and the healthcare in the country was very costly. Many others thought it did not even provide good medicine, let alone good healthcare, to the people it did include. Some perceived the difficulties to be of recent origin; others saw problems of longer duration. Some turned to business models such as managed care as a panacea; others indicted managed care as one of the major problems. These issues remain strong today, with the issues of healthcare reform and socialized medicine particularly dominating the debates. In this light, this paper describes the American healthcare system and the problems it confronts, the need for a healthcare reform, and why socialized medicine, despite its advantages, remains unattractive to many parties, especially the conservatives. https://healtheappointments.com/social-problems-in-morocco-essays/ The data presented and discussed in this paper were collected through desk research. For this research, secondary data were gathered from journal articles relating to the debates of healthcare reform and socialized medicine in the United States. One of the major strengths of desk research is its practicality. It is a quick method of collecting information and is easier to conduct than field research. The overall purpose of this essay is to draw attention to the problems associated with the American healthcare system. The Healthcare System in America The American healthcare system grew out of a series of historical accidents. Today, most commercially insured Americans receive their health care coverage through their jobs or unions. This is a legacy of the metaphorical shipyard bosss attempt to cope with the economic struggles created by the Second World War. Those who retire from the shipyard, are fired, cannot get hired, or end up permanently disabled all count on a combination of federal and state government agencies for help. Tens of millions of Americans caught in the middle Ã¢â¬â in the no-mans land outside of good jobs, union membership, major disability, old age, or chronic poverty Ã¢â¬â have no coverage at all, fending for themselves in a system built to accommodate everyone else. Contrary to popular belief, those uninsured Americans do in fact receive medical care Ã¢â¬â but they get it only when their medical conditions have deteriorated to the point of crisis, at unnecessarily great expense to themselves, to taxpayers, and to their own already marginal personal solvency. For example, workers of many small companies are not provided healthcare benefits because their employers cannot afford healthcare insurance plans. Another issue related to the provision of healthcare by managed healthcare companies in the United States is accessibility, as those uninsured, minority groups, senior citizens, chronically ill, and low income Americans are often neglected regarding their healthcare. The reliance on employer-sponsored insurance has important implications for the efficiency and quality of healthcare in the United States. One of the many benefits of this kind of insurance is that the existence of a market for healthcare insurance, in which private insurers are vying for the business of private employers, results in innovation in insurance product development (Robinson, 2002, cited in Blumenthal, 2006). However, Blumenthal (2006) states that such innovations Ã¢â¬Å"have not proved to be sufficient to ameliorate our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental health care problems of cost, quality, and access to servicesÃ¢â¬ (p. 86). One of the major issues in the healthcare system in the United States is the employer abandonment of employee health benefits. At present, 60% of employees receive their health insurance through their employers (Bailey, 2006). However, since 2000 this rate has progressively slipped. It is feared that Young workers today will not receive employer-provided benefits that their parents or grandparents enjoyed. Employers usually justify their actions (or lack of actions) by stating that providing employee health benefits are very costly, which may eventually result in bankruptcy. According to Bailey (2006): Ã¢â¬Å"These companies, along with thousands of small employers, are simply reducing employee benefits, shifting more of the benefits costs to employees, or no longer providing benefits.Ã¢â¬ (p. 26) Indeed, participation in the employer-provided health care benefit plans is negligible. In 2005, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that 47% of employees did not participate in such plans, and that among employees whose average wage was less than $15 per hour, only 39% participated in such plans.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Bushido, The Samurai Code Bushido was the code of conduct for Japans warrior classes from perhaps as early as the 8th century through modern times. The word bushido comes from the Japanese roots bushiÃ meaning warrior, and do meaning path or way. Literally, then, it can be translated as the way of the warrior.Ã Bushido was followed by Japans samurai warriors and their precursors in feudal Japan, as well as much of centralÃ and east Asia. The principles of bushido emphasized honor, courage, skill in the martial arts, and loyalty to a warriors master (daimyo) above all else. It is somewhat similar to the ideas of chivalry that knights followed in feudal Europe. There is just as much folklore that exemplifies bushido- such as the 47Ã RoninÃ of Japanese legend- as there is European folklore about knights.Ã What is Bushido? A more elaborated list of the virtues encoded in bushido includes frugality, righteousness, courage, benevolence, respect, sincerity, honor, loyalty, and self-control. The specific strictures of bushido varied, however, over time and from place to place within Japan.Ã Bushido was an ethical system, rather than a religious belief system. In fact, many samurais believed that they were excluded from any reward in the afterlife or in their next lives, according to the rules of Buddhism, because they were trained to fight and kill in this life. Nevertheless, their honor and loyalty had to sustain them, in the face of the knowledge that they would likely end up in the Buddhist version of hell after they died. The ideal samurai warrior was supposed to be immune from the fear of death. Only the fear of dishonor and loyalty to his daimyo motivated the true samurai.Ã If a samurai felt that he had lost his honor (or was about to lose it) according to the rules of bushido, he could regain his standing by committing a rather painful form of ritual suicide, called seppuku. A public ritual suicide or seppuku.. ivan-96 / Getty Images While European feudal religious codes of conduct forbade suicide, in feudal Japan it was the ultimate act of bravery. A samurai who committed seppuku would not only regain his honor, he would actually gain prestige for his courage in facing death calmly. This became a cultural touchstone in Japan, so much so that women and children of the samurai class were also expected to face death calmly if they were caught up in a battle or siege. Samurai recruits training for the Satsuma Rebellion. Three Lions / Hulton Archive / Getty Images History of Bushido How did this rather extraordinary system arise?Ã As early as the 8th century, military men were writing books about the use and the perfection of the sword. They also created the ideal of the warrior-poet, who was brave, well-educated, and loyal. In the middle period between the 13th to 16th centuries, Japanese literature celebrated reckless courage, extreme devotion to ones family and to ones lord, and cultivation of the intellect for warriors. Most of the works that dealt with what would later be called bushido concerned the great civil war known as the Genpei WarÃ from 1180 to 1185, which pitted the Minamoto and Taira clans against one another and led to the foundation of the Kamakura Period of shogunate rule. The final phase of the development of bushido was the Tokugawa era, from 1600 to 1868. This was a time of introspection and theoretical development for the samurai warrior class because the country had been basically peaceful for centuries. The samurai practiced martial arts and studied the great war literature of earlier periods, but they had little opportunity to put the theory into practice until the Boshin WarÃ of 1868 to 1869 and the laterÃ Meiji Restoration. As with earlier periods, Tokugawa samurai looked to a previous, bloodier era in Japanese history for inspiration- in this case, more than a century of constant warfare among the daimyo clans. Modern Bushido After the samurai ruling class was abolished in the wake of the Meiji Restoration, Japan created a modern conscript army. One might think that bushido would fade away along with the samurai who had invented it. In fact, Japanese nationalists and war leaders continued to appeal to this cultural ideal throughout the early 20th century and World War II. Echoes of seppuku were strong in the suicide charges that Japanese troops made on various Pacific Islands, as well as in the kamikaze pilots who drove their aircraft into Allied battleships and bombed Hawaii to start off Americas involvement in the war. Today, bushido continues to resonate in modern Japanese culture.Ã Its stress on courage, self-denial, and loyalty has proved particularly useful for corporations seeking to get the maximum amount of work out of their salarymen.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Should the US Taxpayer Bail Out the US Automobile Industry - Term Paper Example The answer to such a query should certainly be no, as such an approach goes against the sound economic principles and the spirit of a free market, which have been able to furnish the US economy with a competitive edge and a resilient sense of sustainability till date. Besides, there exist questionable approaches and elements within the framework of most of the top US automakers, which is supported by a bailout, stand to persist. The fact is that the American automakers seek money from the US taxpayers to retain their status quo, rather than for embarking upon an ambitious program to weed out the inefficiencies and lacunas existing within their setup (Gattuso and Loris 1). The politicians prefer to justify such emergency measures by citing the massive losses incurred by the US automakers. Off course, there exists ample truth in such claims. In October, the sales of GM fell by 45 percent (Gattuso and Loris 1). The Chrysler and Ford also reported respective plummeting of sales by 34.9 and 30.2 percent (Gattuso and Loris 1). The automakers ascribe this drastic drop in sales to the existing credit crunch. Still, one can not deny the reality that the US automakers did take many shoddy decisions before the credit crunch that unleashed the current crisis (Gattuso and Loris). Consequently, the US auto industry ought to change the way it works and operates, rather than attempting to stubbornly continue with its unsoun d policies by seeking a bailout. First and foremost, the US automakers must take care of the huge disadvantages in the costs that they suffer from when compared to the foreign brands. The average hourly compensation paid by the US automakers to their employees is way ahead of the remuneration extended by the foreign brands to their workers (Perry).Ã Ã